Phospholipids bound Omega-3, EPA/DHA and Astaxanthin

Phospholipids transport essential nutrients efficiently and directly into every cell of the body to become a structural part of the cell membranes, and they even cross the blood-brain barrier.

When in cell membranes, choline, high levels of natural occuring astaxanthin and PUFAs are ready to act when our bodies need to:

  • fight oxidative stress and inflammation on the cellular level

  • manage healthy homocysteine levels*

  • maintain good lipid metabolism*

  • increase Omega-3 index**

* applicable EFSA-approved health claims
** Berge, Rolf K., et al. “Krill oil reduces plasma triacylglycerol level and improves related lipoprotein particle concentration, fatty acid composition and redox status in healthy young adults-a pilot study.” Lipids in health and disease 14.1 (2015): 1.

Brain health

A dietary supplement rich in DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal brain function.

With a growing proportion of elderly in our society, more attention is drawn to issues on mental health and cognition. Low levels of Omega-3 fatty acids in the blood or inadequate intake of Omega-3s in the diet have been associated with reduced cognitive function and memory. A recent Japanese study showed significant effects on cognition on low doses of krill oil compared to fish oil*. DHA is of specific importance as it is the abundant fatty acid in the brain and an adequate dietary intake of DHA may contribute to the maintenance of normal brain function.

*Konagai, Chizuru, et al. (2013). Effects of krill oil containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in phospholipid form on human brain function: a randomized controlled trial in healthy elderly volunteers. Clinical Interventions in Aging 8 (2013): 1247-1257.

Back to top


EPA and DHA contributes to the normal function of the

The most important Omega-3s are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) of which the phospholipid-bound Omega-3 fatty acids in krill oil are a good source. EPA and DHA have various biological and physiological roles in the human body like influencing the permeability and fluidity of cell membranes in red blood cells, which in turn may improve blood lipid profile, contribute to the maintenance of normal blood triglyceride levels and promote a healthy heart.

Back to top

Eye Health

DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal vision.

The claim may only be used for food that contains at least 40mg of DHA per 100g and per 100kcal. To bear the claim, information shall be given to the consumer that the beneficial effect is obtained with a daily intake of 250mg of DHA. EFSA’s opinion supports the scientific evidence on the beneficial effects of DHA and/or EPA on brain health, heart health and vision, which are all health benefit areas with increasing importance to Europe’s ageing population.

Back to top

Liver Health

Choline is an essential nutrient for the body to function optimally and is needed throughout life.

Choline*(d) contributes to normal lipid metabolisma, liver function*(b) and homocysteine metabolism*(c), which help prevent risk factors for various serious health conditions. Yet the average consumer has insufficient intake of choline from their diet*(4,5) and it needs to be supplemented. RIMFROST SUBLIME provides an excellent source of phosphatidylcholine in its natural, pure form.

*(c) Authorized health claim in the EU: Choline contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism (requirement 82.5 mg per single dose)
*(d) Authorized nutrition content claim in the US: Good source of choline – Contains 55 mg of choline per serving, which is 10% of the Daily Value for choline (550 mg)
*(4) Jensen HH, Batres-Maruez SP, Carriquiry A, Schallnake KI. (2007). Choline in the diets of the U.S. population: NHANES 2003-2004. FASEB J. 21, lb219. 2007.
*(5)Vennemann, F. B., et al. (2015). Dietary intake and food sources of choline in European populations. British Journal of Nutrition: 1-10.

Back to top